Carrying a child is a huge responsibility. It is important for the embryo to create conditions under which its growth and development will occur with maximum efficiency. One of the most important components of a pregnant woman is proper nutrition. Food allows the mother’s body to store the necessary substances that act as a building material for the fetus. Without proper nutrition, it is not possible to ensure the full development of the fetus, as well as the health of the mother.
The task of the mother will not only be to get all the necessary trace elements from food, but also to reduce the likelihood of penetration into the body of harmful substances that can cause serious harm to the child. When it comes to a surrogate mother, special attention is paid to proper nutrition. A surrogate mother undertakes to comply with a number of rules and recommendations that determine not only the preparation of a diet, but also the method of preparing food.
For a surrogate mother, a diet should be drawn up with the amount of products containing valuable microelements. We are talking about both proteins, fats and carbohydrates, as well as microelements, which are in the optimal ratio among themselves. The amount of food and the time of reception must be discussed and prescribed in advance. A surrogate mother, like a woman carrying a child, must be excluded from the diet of products that can harm the fetus.
These are canned food, various smoked dishes and semi-finished products, alcoholic beverages. For a number of foods, there is no strict exclusion from the diet, but recommendations are established for a significant reduction in frequency and quantity. This includes various confectionery products that are high in sugar, as well as pickled foods, spicy dishes and foods that can cause an allergic reaction.
The diet of a pregnant woman and a surrogate mother
A woman during pregnancy should receive a sufficient amount of trace elements, but adhere to a strict diet:
- eat more often;
- eat less food;
- eat freshly prepared food and more fresh food.
In the first half of pregnancy, it is recommended to eat 5 times a day, and in the second half, increase the number of meals up to 6 times. During pregnancy, it is important to stay hydrated by drinking enough fluids. A woman should drink 35 g of water for every kilogram of her own body weight. This means that women with a body weight of 60 kg need to drink about 2 liters of water. In the last weeks of pregnancy, the amount of fluid should be reduced to 0.8 liters.