Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that occur in 20 percent of women over the age of 30. When you reach the age of 40, the likelihood of getting this disease only increases. A fibroid is an enlarged growth of muscle fibers. By structure, myomatous nodes can be muscular or fibrous. In addition to pure types of myomatous nodes, there are also combinations of species that are called fibromyoma. It is possible to establish the type of structure only with the help of surgical intervention, which allows further cytological examination of the obtained material.
The occurrence of fibroids can occur for various reasons. Hormonal disorders in a woman’s body, for example, with an excess of estrogen or a lack of progesterone, can lead to the appearance of this disease. Also affects the occurrence of the disease stress and the presence of embolic disorders. After the extinction of the menstrual function, the fibroids regress, in which it shows regression and gradually disappears.
With what symptoms do women turn to a gynecologist, after which uterine fibroids are diagnosed? The most common reasons for referral are:
- change in the menstrual cycle;
- the appearance of heavy and painful menstruation;
- increase in the duration of menstruation;
- shortening the interval between periods;
- severe blood loss with anemia;
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- increased frequency of urination.
Traditionally, the treatment process takes place under the strict supervision of a specialist. If the fibroid is at a mild stage, when the woman does not plan to conceive, the doctor provides supervision and prescribes a course of medication. If the disease develops to a more severe stage, then surgery is indispensable. For the treatment of submucosal fibroids, a hystero-resectoscope is used. Subserous fibroids are treated by laparoscopic surgery. To confirm the diagnosis, it is necessary to regularly undergo a check-up with a gynecologist, including ultrasound of the small pelvis.